06 June, 2008

Interior Design and Decorating Floor Finishes - Types of Natural Stone Flooring

Types of Natural Stone Flooring

  • Slate is another form of metamorphic rock that consists of silica alumina and iron oxide.
  • It is easily split into layers that provide a rugged rustic look.
  • It has good abrasion resistance and high durability if it has been correctly cut.
  • It is impervious to water, cold hard and noisy under foot and can be slippery.
  • A non-slip variety is available.
  • It is difficult to lay as the product is quite brittle and heavy.
  • It is usually laid into a bed of cement over concrete.

Limestone and Sandstone

  • These are derived from sedimentary rocks; deposits of sediment being laid down under water or air formed these.
  • Sandstone comes from deposited sand grains i.e. quartz, pressed and held together by silica, calcium carbonate or other cements.
  • Limestone comes from deposited organic origin materials i.e. bones shells and consists mainly of calcium carbonate.
  • Limestone is rarely used for floors today as it becomes slippery when it is worn and not all products are hardwearing.
  • It is grey or beige in color.
  • Sandstone - is used more in outdoor paving than indoor, but looks great in an area that flows to the outdoors such as a conservatory.
  • Its irregular natural pattern is its best feature and can range from a grainy timber look to stripes and speckles.
  • It is beige, brown, reddish brown, in color and some stones are hardwearing.

  • Granite is a form of Igneous Rock, created by the cooling of molten magma.
  • It is made up of feldspar quartz and mica.
  • This is a luxury floor covering and one that needs careful consideration before specification, as it is an expensive product.
  • The floor structure needs consideration, as it is very heavy.
  • Once laid, it will last for a very long time, as it is hardwearing and resistant to chemicals.
  • It has a timeless look.
  • If highly polished it is slippery, but a honed finish provides a more manageable finish.
  • It comes in limited colors - black, red, green, grey, blue, pink.
  • It is supplied in a slab form and is cold and noisy underfoot. But it looks great!

Granite used for steps to a commercial building entry.

  • This is a form of metamorphic rock, a combination of igneous and sedimentary rocks undergoing a major change due to extreme influences of heat or pressure.
  • It is made up of calcium carbonate; it comes in numerous colors, white, grey, green, ochre, beige and is usually veined.
  • It is a hardwearing beautiful product, expensive to purchase and lay as it is heavy and comes in slab form.
  • It is cold and noisy underfoot.
  • From a designers point of view like granite it has a timeless quality.

Marble used of floor and walls of a hotel bathroom, very stylish.

1 comment:

Jhon said...

Thanks for this post, now variety of natural stone flooring are available in he market.we can choose any kind of non slip floor coating with them.